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Environmental Data Mapping > World Population Density

World Population Density 2000

Population density refers to the number of individuals per square kilometer of land area. It is a common biological measurement and is more often used by conservationists as a measure than population size.

For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area usually per square kilometer (which may include or exclude cultivated or potentially productive area). Commonly this may be calculated for a county, city, country, another territory, or the entire world.

The world population is 6.7 billion, and Earth's area is 510 million square kilometers (197 million square miles). Therefore the worldwide human population density is 6.7 billion divided by 510 million = 13.1 per km2 (34.0 per sq mi), or 44.7 per km2 (115.5 per sq mi) if only the Earth's land area of 150 million km2 (58 million sq mi) is taken into account. This density rises when the population grows. It also includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. Considering that over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human inhabitation, such as deserts and high mountains, and that population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh water sources, this number by itself does not give accurate measurement of human population density.

Several of the most densely-populated territories in the world are city-states, microstates, micronations, or dependencies. These territories share a relatively small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing also on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation.

Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though the extent to which this is the case depends on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure or access to resources. Most of the most densely-populated cities are in southern and eastern Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa also fall into this category.

City population is, however, heavily dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are often higher for the central municipality itself, than when more recently-developed and administratively unincorporated suburban communities are included, as in the concepts of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter including sometimes neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, and not the surrounding suburbs as well.

Rank

Country/Region of special position

Population

Area (km2)

Density (Pop per km2)

World (land only)

6733164238

148940000

45.21

World (with water)

6733164238

510072000

13.2

1

Monaco

32671

1.95

16754

2

Singapore

4327000

699

6336

3

Gibraltar (UK)

27921

6

4654

4

Vatican City

821

0.44

1866

5

Bahrain

1046814

720

1454

6

Malta

401880

316

1272

7

Bermuda (UK)

64174

53

1211

8

Maldives

329198

298

1105

9

Bangladesh

150448339

143998

1045

10

Guernsey

65726

78

842

11

Jersey

91533

116

789

12

Palestinian territories

4018332

6020

667

13

Nauru

13635

21

649

14

Republic of China (commonly, "Taiwan")

22894384

35980

636

15

Barbados

269556

430

627

16

Saint-Martin (France)

33102

53.2

622

17

Mauritius

1244663

2040

610

18

Aruba (Netherlands)

103484

193

536

19

Mayotte (France)

186452

374

499

20

South Korea

49044790

99538

498

21

San Marino

28117

61

461

22

Puerto Rico (US)

3954584

8875

446

23

Tuvalu

10441

26

402

24

Netherlands

16423431

41528

395

25

Lebanon

4011000

10452

386

26

Martinique (France)

395932

1102

359

27

Comoros

797902

2235

357

28

Rwanda

9037690

26338

343

29

Marshall Islands

61963

181

342

30

Belgium

10419050

30528

341

31

Japan

128084700

377873

339

32

India

1103371000

3287263

336

33

El Salvador

6880951

21041

327

34

Saint-Barthelemy (France)

6852

21

326

35

American Samoa (US)

64869

199

326

36

Israel

7180000

22072

325

37

U.S. Virgin Islands (US)

111818

347

322

38

Sri Lanka

20742910

65610

316

39

Reunion (France)

785139

2510

313

40

Guam (US)

169635

549

309

41

Haiti

8527777

27750

307

42

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

119051

388

307

43

Saint Lucia

160765

539

298

44

Philippines

84566000

300076

282

45

Burundi

7547515

27834

271

46

Grenada

102924

344

260

47

Trinidad and Tobago

1305236

5130

254

48

Vietnam

84238230

331689

254

49

Guadeloupe (France)

405000

1628

249

50

United Kingdom

60776238

242900

246

51

Jamaica

2650713

10991

241

52

Germany

82689210

357022

232

53

Netherlands Antilles (Netherlands)

182656

800

228

54

Liechtenstein

34521

160

216

55

Pakistan

165935100

803940

198

56

Italy

58092740

301318

193

57

Dominican Republic

9365818

48671

192

58

North Korea

22487660

120538

187

59

Nepal

27132630

147181

184

60

Antigua and Barbuda

81479

442

184

61

Luxembourg

464904

2586

180

62

Seychelles

80654

455

177

63

Switzerland

7252331

41284

176

64

Northern Mariana Islands (US)

80801

464

174

65

Cayman Islands (UK)

45017

264

171

66

Saint Kitts and Nevis

42696

261

164

67

Sao Tome and Principe

156523

964

162

68

Federated States of Micronesia

110487

702

157

69

Kuwait

2686873

17818

151

70

British Virgin Islands (UK)

22016

151

146

71

Andorra

67151

468

143

72

Nigeria

131529700

923768

142

73

People's Republic of China

1323324000

9596961

138

74

Tonga

102311

747

137

75

Kiribati

99350

726

137

76

The Gambia

1517079

11295

134

77

Anguilla (UK)

12205

91

134

78

Isle of Man (UK)

76538

572

134

79

Transnistria (Moldova)

555347

4163

133

80

Czech Republic

10403136

78866

132

81

Denmark

5417000

43094

126

82

Cape Verde

506807

4033

126

83

Thailand

64232760

513115

125

84

Poland

38529560

312685

123

85

Moldova

4128047

33844

122

86

Uganda

28816230

241038

120

87

Indonesia

222781500

1904569

117

88

Guatemala

12599060

108889

116

89

Portugal

10528000

92391

114

90

Tokelau (New Zealand)

1378

12

115

91

Slovakia

5387000

49033

110

92

France ( Metropolitan )

60495540

551500

110

93

Albania

3129678

28748

109

94

Malawi

12883940

118484

109

95

Hungary

10097730

93032

109

96

Togo

6145004

56785

108

97

Dominica

78940

751

105

98

Syria

19043380

185180

103

99

Cuba

11269400

110861

102

100

Armenia

3016312

29800

101

101

Serbia

7800000

77474

100

102

Austria

8189444

83858

98

103

Azerbaijan

8410801

86600

97

104

Slovenia

2066814

20256

97

105

Turkey

70586256

783562

93

106

Ghana

22112810

238533

93

107

Romania

21711470

238391

91

108

Cyprus

835307

9251

90

109

Spain

45200737

506030

89

110

Costa Rica

4327228

51100

85

111

Greece

11119890

131957

84

112

Malaysia

27730000

329847

84

113

Croatia

4551338

56538

81

114

Republic of Macedonia

2061315

25713

81

115

Northern Cyprus (Cyprus)

264172

3355

78

116

Wallis and Futuna (France)

15480

200

77

117

Sierra Leone

5525478

71740

77

118

Ukraine

46480700

603700

77

119

Bosnia and Herzegovina

3907074

51197

76

120

Cook Islands (New Zealand)

17954

236

76

121

Benin

8438853

112622

75

122

Cambodia

13388910

181035

74

123

Qatar

796000

11000

72

124

Egypt

72850000

1001449

72

125

Myanmar ( Burma )

47967000

676578

71

126

Ethiopia

78986000

1104300

70

127

Bulgaria

7745000

110912

70

128

Morocco

30495000

446550

68

129

Georgia

4630841

69700

66.4

130

Iraq

28807190

438317

66

131

Samoa

184984

2831

65

132

Brunei

373819

5765

65

133

Honduras

7204723

112492

64

134

French Polynesia (France)

256603

4000

64

135

Jordan

5702776

89342

64

136

East Timor

947064

14874

64

137

Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)

26288

417

63

138

Tunisia

10102470

163610

62

139

Swaziland

1032438

17364

59

140

Uzbekistan

26593120

447400

59

141

Senegal

11658170

196722

59

142

Lesotho

1794769

30355

59

143

Ireland

4147901

70273

59

144

Kenya

34255720

580367

59

145

Cote d'Ivoire

18153870

322463

56

146

United Arab Emirates

4104000

83600

49

147

Mexico

104266000

1958201

53

148

Ecuador

13542420

283561

53

149

Lithuania

3369600

65300

52

150

Burkina Faso

13227840

274000

48

151

Belarus

9755106

207600

47

152

Fiji

847706

18274

46

153

Bhutan

2162546

47000

46

154

Afghanistan

29863010

652090

46

155

Tajikistan

6506980

143100

45

156

Montenegro

630548

14026

45

157

Montserrat (UK)

4488

102

44

158

Guinea-Bissau

1586344

36125

44

159

Palau

19949

459

43

160

Panama

3231502

75517

43

161

Nicaragua

5486685

130000

42

162

Iran

69515210

1648195

42

163

Tanzania

38328810

945087

41

164

Saint Helena (UK)

4918

122

40

165

Colombia

45600240

1138914

40

166

Yemen

20974660

527968

40

167

South Africa

47431830

1221037

39

168

Guinea

9402098

245857

38

169

Eritrea

4401357

117600

37

170

Latvia

2306988

64600

36

171

Cameroon

16321860

475442

34

172

Djibouti

793078

23200

34

173

Faroe Islands (Denmark)

47017

1399

34

174

Zimbabwe

13009530

390757

33

175

Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan)

145000

4400

33

176

Madagascar

18605920

587041

32

177

United States of America

305825000

9629091

31

178

Republic of Abkhazia (Georgia)

200000

7138

29

179

Estonia

1329697

45100

29

180

Liberia

3283267

111369

29

181

Venezuela

26726000

916445

29

182

Kyrgyzstan

5263794

199900

26

183

Laos

5924145

236800

25

184

Mozambique

19792300

801590

25

185

Democratic Republic of the Congo

57548740

2344858

25

186

Somaliland (Somalia)

3500000

137600

25

187

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (France)

5769

242

24

188

The Bahamas

323063

13878

23

189

Brazil

186404900

8514877

22

190

Peru

27968240

1285216

22

191

Chile

16295100

756096

22

192

Sweden

9041262

449964

20

193

Uruguay

3463197

175016

19.8

194

Equatorial Guinea

503519

28051

18

195

South Ossetia

70000

3900

17.9

196

Vanuatu

211367

12189

17.3

197

Solomon Islands

477742

28896

16.5

198

Finland

5302060

338145

15.6

199

Zambia

11668460

752618

15.5

200

Paraguay

6158259

406752

15.1

201

New Zealand

4097000

270534

15

202

Sudan

36232950

2505813

14.5

203

Argentina

38747150

2780400

13.9

204

Algeria

32853800

2381741

13.8

205

Pitcairn Islands (UK)

67

5

13.4

206

Somalia

8227826

637657

12.9

207

Angola

15941390

1246700

12.8

208

New Caledonia (France)

236838

18575

12.8

209

Papua New Guinea

5887138

462840

12.7

210

Belize

276000

23000

12

211

Norway

4751236

385155

12.3

212

Republic of the Congo

3998904

342000

11.7

213

Saudi Arabia

24573100

2149690

11.4

214

Niger

13956980

1267000

11

215

Mali

13518420

1240192

10.9

216

Turkmenistan

4833266

488100

9.9

217

Russia

143201600

17098242

8.4

218

Bolivia

9182015

1098581

8.4

219

Oman

2577000

309500

8.3

220

Chad

9748931

1284000

7.6

221

Central African Republic

4037747

622984

6.5

222

Niue (New Zealand)

1625

260

6.2

223

Kazakhstan

14825110

2724900

5.4

224

Gabon

1383841

267668

5.2

225

Guyana

751218

214969

3.5

226

Libya

5853452

1759540

3.3

227

Canada

33271000

9984670

3

228

Botswana

1764926

581730

3

229

Mauritania

3068742

1025520

3

230

Iceland

309672

103000

3

231

Suriname

452000

163820

3

232

Australia

21468700

7682300

2.84

233

Namibia

2031252

824292

2.5

234

French Guiana (France)

187056

90000

2.1

235

Mongolia

2646487

1564116

1.7

236

Western Sahara

440000

266000

1.3

237

Falkland Islands (UK)

3060

12173

0.25

238

Greenland (Denmark)

56916

2175600

0.03